3. The Basics

General Skilled Migrant (GSM) Stream


Expression Of Interest (EOI).

3.1 Types of Visas – Skilled Migrants

3.1.1 Employer Sponsored Categories

Temporary Work (Skilled) Visa (Subclass 457)

DIBP Information on Temporary visa (subclass 457) and SUBCLASS 457 – A Quick Guide

Employer Nomination Scheme (ENS) Visa (Subclass 186)

DIBP Information on ENS visa (subclass 186)

Regional Sponsored Migration Scheme (RSMS) Visa (Subclass 187)

DIBP information on RSMS visa (subclass 187)

3.1.2 Tested Skilled Migration

Skilled Independent Visa (Subclass 189)

Skilled occupation list. (CHANGED – 20.05.2017: On 19 April 2017, the Medium and Long-term Strategic Skills List (MLTSSL) replaced the previous ‘Skilled Occupation List’ (SOL) 

DIBP Information on visa subclass 189

Citizenship web page. (CHANGED – 20.05.2017: On 19 April 2017, the Short-term Skilled Occupation List (STSOL) replaced the previous ‘Consolidated Sponsored Occupation List’ (CSOL)

Skilled State-Sponsored Visa (Subclass 190)

consolidated skilled occupation list

DIBP Information on visa subclass 190

Skilled Regional (Provisional) Visa (Subclass 489), Sponsored

DIBP Information on Skilled – Regional (Provisional) visa (subclass 489), Sponsored

Skilled Regional (Provisional) Visa (Subclass 489), State Or Territory Nominated

You can refer to the following links for specific states if you’re interested in applying for a 489 visa.

3.2 Visa Specific Conditions and Restrictions

457 Work Visa (and how it is different from Permanent Resident visa)

Get further information on the 457 visa through this guide.

Net overseas migration (NOM)

VEVO – is an online service enabling you to check your visa details and conditions. VEVO can also give details of your visa conditions to prospective employers with your permission. 

3.3 Averages Wages in Australia

Industry Averages – Weekly Salary for 2016 (Source ABS)

Average Weekly Cash Earnings in Australia

If you want to find wages for a specific profession or designation visit – PAYSCALE

3.4 Statistical Data

Job Statistics by Salaries/Growth/Regions/Industries

Australian job occupation matrix

Jobs by Industry

If you’re just starting your career in regional or rural areas, you can refer to this web page for more information. You can also get more information about Australian jobs and occupations with the help of this Occupation Matrix. More information and statistics can also be found here.

4. Getting Started

4.3 Skills Assessment

Getting Overseas Qualifications Assessed By Australian Organisations

Department of Immigration and Border Protection

Assessing authorities

National Office of Overseas Skills Recognition (NOOSR)

Specialised Occupations

Australian Skills Recognition Information

General Occupations

National Office of Overseas Skills Recognition (NOOSR)

Skills Assessment by


Overseas Qualifications Unit (OQU)

Following are the statewide websites Links:

MAIN WEBSITE – Department of Education and Training / Qualification Recognition

Western Australia

Australian Capital Territory


South Australia


Northern Territory

New South Wales

Tasmania – No website. Email:

Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL)

AQF(Australian Qualifications Framework)

Following are the statewide RPL website Links:

Western Australia

Australian Capital Territory


South Australia


Northern Territory

New South Wales


There are currently around 5000 RTOs in Australia. A complete list of RTOs is maintained at, the authoritative national register of the VET sector in Australia

ASQA (Australian Skills Quality Authority)

For more information visit: Australian Skills Quality Authority / About RTO’s

Links to other VET sector websites:  LINK

4.4 Contacting Prospective Employers

ExpatForum and Australia Forum

Some of the top job sites worth looking at are (A more comprehensive list is provided in the subsequent chapters):

4.5 Golden Rules for Job Hunting

Reproduced with permission of Successful Resumes Australia.

4.6 Networking: Tapping the Hidden Job Market

By Terry O’Reilly, OBP Australia

 Insider knowledge

There are also online industry forums, such as Whirlpool for IT professionals.

 Networking Services

Organisations such as OBP Australia have acquired connections across all industries and professions

5. Resumes, Cover Letters and Selection Criteria

5.1 Key Difference in an Australian Resume

The Key Differences in an Australian Resume –  Guest Article by ResumeCentre

5.2 Preparing a Winning Resume

Reproduced with permission of University of Tasmania, Student Leadership, Career Development and Employment team

Internet (click on ‘Resume’ or ‘Career Advice’) (click on ‘Salary, Advice & Tips’) (click on : Learn By Category > Work > Career)

5.3 Preparing a Cover Letter

Reproduced with permission of University of Tasmania, Student Leadership, Career Development and Employment team

5.4 Eight Amazing Tips on Writing a Cover Letter!

 As posted on . Reproduced with permission of Resume Centre

5.8 Resume Do’s and Don’ts – Employers Perspective

As posted on Reproduced with permission of Resume Centre         

6. The Selection Process – By Terry O’Reilly, OBP Australia

6.8 Negotiating Salary

HAYS Salary Guide is a great place to get this information.

7. Australian Job Market – An Introduction

7.3 Types of Employment

Read more about types of employees here for more insights.

7.3.2 Part Time Jobs

Read more about part-time jobs here.

7.4 Voluntary Jobs

Check out the resources for young job seekers  (UPDATED – 24.06.2017)

Here are some of the Volunteering organizations:

Go Volunteer

Volunteering Australia – Also links to state based volunteer organizations
Good Company

Pro Bono Volunteer Match

 Every state and territory in Australia offer a volunteering centre, which provides information and lists available volunteer positions.


Unpaid Work Experience and Volunteer Work

7.5 Trades

Services Seeking

Trades Recognition Australia (TRA)

To find out about more programs of the TRA, visit the Programs

TRA offers a number of different programs:

8. Getting Ready for the Workplace

8.1 English Speaking Skills

Adult Migrant English Program (AMEP)

To view further information go to the Department of Education and Training AMEP webpage. TAFE

Find your nearest State Run Adult Migrant English Program service provider here

SEE ( Skills for Education and Employment) SEE Poviders page

DHS office. DHS

jobactive provider.

Remote Jobs and Communities Programme.

8.4 Trade Unions

Australian Council of Trade Unions (ACTU)

Affiliates and Trade and Labour Councils (TLCs) Of The ACTU

The ACTU has different affiliates and trade and labour councils (TLCs). Here are some TLCs in Australia:

For more information on trade unions related to specific industries, you can visit this website. Some other important related links:

8.5 Workplace Health And Safety (WHS)

You can access information about WHS/OH&S resources from websites in your state.

8.6 Rights as an Employee

WH&S laws on the SafeWork Australia website.

Fair Work

Get more information about your working rights as a 457 visa holder here.

Fair Work Act 2009 webpage

8.8 Work Cards

White Cards In Construction

 National Register for the Vocational Education and Training

‘White Card’ training –– ‘CPCCOHS1001A – Work safely in the construction industry.’

Blue Cards (For Working with Children in Queensland)

If you are a volunteer or education provider and hire people as paid employees or trainee students in schools or around young children, you must ensure that they have blue cards.

Refer to the information below if you are based in another state in Australia:


Other Occupations Requiring Work / Accreditation Cards

Taxi Drivers in Queensland require a ‘Driver Authorisation Card’

Application forms for driver authorization in Queensland can be found here.

Information for drivers licensing and accreditation in New South Wales can be found here. (CHANGED – 28.06.17). Driver accreditation for Victoria is available here. Driver accreditation for South Australia is available here.

8.10 Employee Entitlements

Every employee is entitled to minimum benefits, which are detailed in the National Employment Standards (NES).

Refer to the employee entitlements page for more information.

8.11 Work Flexibility

More information can be found on the Flexible Working Arrangements page.

8.12 Protection from Adverse Action

Fair Work Commission if you feel you have lost your job through an unfair dismissal

8.13 Protection from Coercion


8.14 Resolving Disputes at the Workplace

Fairwork – Resolving Disputes

Fairwork -Forms

9. Your First Job

9.1 Employment Contract

Employment contract

Learn more about employment contracts here.

9.2 Wages

National minimum wage in Australia

Fair Work Ombudsman.

9.3 Superannuation

DASP (Departing Australia Superannuation Payment)

Low Income Super Contribution (LISC)

ASIC’s MoneySmart website:

9.4 Taxation

Tax for Individuals – Moving to Australia

MyTax online

Tax Early lodgment.

Deductions you can claim.

Individual Income Tax Rates

9.6 Leave Entitlements

Leave entitlements

Annual leave

Parental leave

Long service leave

Check your specific state or territory for information about long-service leave entitlements.

Fairwork – Fact sheet

Sick and carer’s leave

 Fairwork – Sick and Carers Paid Leave

Fairwork – Sick and Carers Unpaid Leave

Other leaves – public holidays, compassionate and bereavement leave, community service leave and worker’s compensation leave

Fairwork – Help web page

9.7 Salary Slip + PAYG Summary

PAYG summary

ATO – PAYG Summary.


Creative Commons Australia website

10. Job Seeker Support

10.1 Career Advice and Counselling

Australian Job Search

Community Development Programmes

10.2 Support for Job Seekers / Unemployed


Government Support While You Look for Work

New Start Allowance

DHS – Human Services.

Sickness Allowance

DHS – Sickness Allowance.

Youth Allowance

Human services – Youth Allowances.

Payments to help you Study


10.3 State Government Support

Some workforce centres across different states include:

Job Services Australia (JSA)

Australian Job Search website. You can also get more details about job services Australia providers here.

10.4 Local Council Support

10.5.1 Family Tax Benefit

FTB Part A

Newborn Upfront Payment and Newborn Supplement

Immunising your children

Income test for FTB Part A

Income test for FTB Part B

Learn more about taxable income

You should be living in Australia as a citizen or a permanent resident.

Temporary Protection visa or Partner Provisional visa

Human Services – Grandparent Carer.

10.5.2 Child Care


Childcare rebates Work, Training, Study test

Child Care Rebate – DONE 18.07.17

Human Services – Child Care Benefits.

10.5.3 Parental Payments

Read more about income and assets here.

For eligibility, you must be an Australian resident

Social security agreement

Human Services – Waiting Periods

10.5.4 Single Income Family Supplement

Centrelink Rate estimator

10.5.5 Energy Supplement

Human Services – Energy Supplement

Human Services – Essential Medical Equipment

10.5.6 Low Income Supplement

Low Income Supplement

Low Income Family Supplement.

10.5.7 Family Assistance Payments

Blancing your family assistance payments.

Service Finder

Human Services – Payment Finder

11. Website Links and Resources

11.1 Job Portals


Career One 







Apply Direct



Aussie Employment



Working in Australia


Casual Staffing


Any Work Any Where


11.2 Recruitment Agencies




Rpb Consulting


Greythorn (IT Recruitment)

Clicks (IT Recruitment)

Michael Page

Morgan Consulting




Nspire Recruitment

Six Degrees Executive

SHK (For Senior Management Roles)

Carmichael Fisher (For Senior Management Roles)

Devlin Alliance


Robert Half

Xpand (Digital, Technology, Media, Sales and Marketing)

Command Recruitment

11.3 Industry Specific Job sites

Jobs in Mining 

Environmental Jobs 

Salon Staff


Health Job Search

Health Care, Nursing

Care Careers



Mining Australia

11.4 Career Guidance, Coaching, Psychometric Testing & Career Expos

Career Guidance and Coaching

The Career Development Association of Australia (CDAA) 

OBP Australia

Successful Resume



Complete Career Management

Career Management Australia

Outshine Consulting

Tribus Lingua

Psychometric, Personality and Aptitude Tests

Psychometric Institute – Offers free tests

Practice Psychometric Tests Online

Hudson – Psychometric Testing Examples


11.5 Government Support and Job Websites

My Skills

Job Outlook 

Australian Job Search 

Job Search

National Centre for Vocational Education Research


Help for Job Seekers

Labour Market Information Portal

Jobs and Workplace – States and Territories

Each state government also provides advice and information to help local job seekers consider their vocational education and training options:

In the Australian Capital Territory – the Skilled Capital website

In New South Wales – the Smart and Skilled website

In Victoria – the Victorian Skills Gateway website

In Queensland – the Queensland Skills Gateway website

In South Australia – the Work Ready website  

In Tasmania – the Skills Tasmania website

In Western Australia – the Future Skills WA website

In the Northern Territory – the VET NT website

Australian Jobs

Australian Public Service (APS) Jobs

For State and Territory Links visit – State and Territory APS government jobs 

LG Assist

National, State and Territory Governments Job Websites

Something different

Harvest Trail and Harvest jobs

11.6 State and Territory Links

Australian Capital Territory

Job Sites

Careers with ACT Government

ACT –Looking for Jobs: Government Website


ACT- Looking for Jobs

Moving to ACT: Government Information Portal

ACT – Government Information Portal for Employment

New South Wales

Job Sites

Careers with NSW Governrment


Living and Working in NSW

Moving to NSW: Government Information Portal

Multicultural NSW – Information for New Arrivals

Northern Territory

Job Sites

Careers with NT Government

NT – Looking for Jobs: Government Website


NT – Looking for Jobs

Living and working in NT

Moving to NT: Government Information Portal


Job Sites

Careers with Queensland Government

Queensland- Looking for Jobs: Government Website


Queensland – Looking for Jobs

Moving to Queensland: Government Information Portal

South Australia

Job Sites

Careers with South Australian Government    

South Australia – Choosing Your Career – Search Careers & Industries


South Australia – Support for Migrant Job Seekers

Moving to South Australia: Government Information Portal


Job Sites

Careers with Tasmanian Government

Tasmania – Looking for Jobs: Government Website


Tasmania – Resources for Job Seekers

Moving to Tasmania: Government Information Portal


Job Sites

Careers with the Victorian Government

Victoria – Looking for Jobs: Government Website


Victoria and Melboure – Looking for Jobs

Moving to Victoria – Government Information Portal

Western Australia

Job Sites

Careers with WA Government

Western Australia – Looking for Jobs


WA – Looking for Jobs

Moving To Western Australia

Office of Multicultural Interests

11.7 General Research and Handy Information Websites


Department of Social Services – Settling in Australia Guide


Australian Tax Office

Australian Government Website – Career Information and Services

Employment Research and Statistics

Fairwork Ombudsman

Best Practice Guide

Jobs and Workplace – State and Territories

SBS settlement guide

Australian Demographics



Dial an Angel 

My School


 Resumes & Interviews

Expat Arrivals

40 Interview questions you should be prepared to ask answer

Resumes and Cover Letters – UTAS Fact Sheets

Interview Question Tips –Hays

Local Newspapers

Online Newspapers
The Australian

Australian Capital Territory

Australian Capital Territory Newspapers – A Comprehensive List

Canberra Times – Wednesday and Saturday editions

The Advocate

The Examiner

 New South Wales

New South Wales Newspapers – A Comprehensive List

Daily Telegraph

Herald (New Castle)

 Northern Territory

Northern Territory Newspapers – A Comprehensive List

NT News

Katherine Times


Queensland Newspapers – A Comprehensive List

Brisbane Times

 South Australia

South Australia Newspapers – A Comprehensive List

The Advertiser


Tasmania Newspapers – A Comprehensive List

The Mercury (Southern Tasmania)

The Examiner (Northern Tasmania)

The Advocate (North-Western Tasmania)


Victoria Newspapers – A Comprehensive List

Herald Sun

The Age

The Weekly Times – Regional Jobs in Victoria

 Western Australia

Western Australia Newspapers – A Comprehensive List

The West Classifieds

The Courier

12. Additional Training

12.1 Upgrading Skills

Seek Learning-TAFE.

TAFE Institutes in Australia

TAFE Institute List

Visit the different TAFE institutes for more information:


You can get more information about TAFE institutes in Australia here.

My Skills offers a directory of VET courses to help you find what you are looking for.

National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER) offers statistics and research on VET courses.

12.2 Additional Courses for Developing Soft Skills

Toastmasters International

12.3 Apprenticeship

Planning of changing jobs? If the industry you are currently working for is not able to provide you with suitable employment or if you are in between jobs and would like to change your profession then this option may open new avenues for employment. Australian apprenticeships are great for gaining on-the-job training and expertise in specific industries. Australian Apprenticeships are available in different certificate levels for over 500 Australian occupations – whether traditional or emerging trades. Some occupations are listed below, while the full list can be found on this Australian Apprenticeship

Here is a list of some websites that can help you find apprenticeship training programs:

Steps to become an Apprentice

12.4 Additional Australian Government Initiatives as the National Register for VET programs in Australia.

Australian Skills Quality Authority

Australian Qualifications Framework

 13. Alternate Professions

Taxi Driver – Taxi Driver – Average salary

For licensing in your specific state visit:

Photographer – Seek Learning – Photographer


How to get farm jobs

Farmer – Average pay

For Jobs visit :


Queensland Farmers Enterprise

Seek – Farm Jobs

Jobsearch – Harvest

Private Tutor

How to become a tutor

Australian Tutoring Association

Landscape Gardener

How to become a landscape gardener

 Retail Jobs

Seek – Jobs in Retail Industry



Franchising. Get more details about franchising in Australia here

 Online Jobs

Uber Driver

Learn more about how to become an Uber driver in Australia here.



14. Bonus Chapter – Q&A with Judith Leeson AM, FCDAA(Life) , Director – Vector Consultants

17 – Acknowledgements

Her Linkedin Profile –  Wanda Hayes.

OBP Australia

Her Linkedin Profile – Samantha Saw 

18 – About the Author

Email –,

Twitter – @migrantninja

Facebook –