This blog post is aimed to provide a quick overview of the skilled migration visa application process. It is important to highlight that the information provided is merely a quick reference guide and a starting point for research. Additionally, due to the ever-changing nature of the Australian visa rules, it is important to always refer to official government websites for the most up-to-date information –

Understanding the System

Australia’s skilled migration program is a points-based system that prioritizes applicants with the skills and qualifications most in demand by the nation’s workforce. This ensures a steady influx of talented individuals that contribute to Australia’s economic growth and diversification.

There are two main pathways for skilled migration:

  • General Skilled Migration (GSM) visas (subclasses 189 and 190): Open to individuals with occupations listed on the Skilled Occupation List (SOL). These visas offer permanent residency without a job offer in hand.
  • Employer-Sponsored Migration visas (subclasses 186 and 491): Ideal for applicants who have already secured a sponsored job offer from an approved Australian employer.

Here are some key eligibility criteria for GSM visas

  • Occupation: Your occupation must be listed on the SOL.
  • Skills Assessment: You’ll need a positive skills assessment from a designated assessing authority to confirm your qualifications meet Australian standards.
  • Points Test: You must score a minimum number of points on a comprehensive point test that considers factors like age, English language proficiency, education, and skilled work experience.
  • English Language: You’ll need to demonstrate English language proficiency by taking an approved English test like IELTS or PTE.

The Application Process

Once you’ve confirmed your eligibility, it’s time to gather the necessary documents and prepare your application.

  1. Skill Assessment: Obtain a positive skills assessment for your occupation.
  2. Expression of Interest (EOI): Create an EOI profile through SkillSelect, an online platform that manages skilled migration applications. Your EOI details your skills, experience, and qualifications. Visit Skill Select for more details
  3. Invitation to Apply: If your EOI meets the criteria, you’ll receive an invitation to apply for a specific visa subclass.
  4. Visa Application: Complete the online visa application form and meticulously compile all required documents, including academic transcripts, work experience references, and evidence of English language proficiency.
  5. Additional Considerations once the visa process is underway:
    1. Medical Examinations: You and any accompanying family members may need to undergo medical examinations as part of the visa application process.
    2. Police Checks: Police checks from your country of residence and any other countries you’ve lived in for extended periods may be required.
    3. Financial Requirements: Depending on your chosen visa subclass, you might need to demonstrate sufficient funds to support yourself upon arrival in Australia.

More Information

Skills Assessment: The Key to Unlocking Your Migration Potential

One of the critical components of the skilled migration process is the skills assessment. Before applying for a skilled migration visa, you must have your skills assessed by the relevant assessing authority for your occupation. The assessing authority will determine whether your qualifications and work experience meet the requirements for your nominated occupation in Australia.

Researching and choosing the appropriate assessing authority for your occupation is essential. The Australian government provides a list of designated assessing authorities for different professions on their official website.

Find the relevant authority for your occupation on the Skills Recognition Information Portal (SRIP) 

For more information visit: Skills Assessment 

English Language Proficiency Requirements

Proficiency in English is a fundamental requirement for skilled migration to Australia. Most skilled migration visa subclasses require applicants to demonstrate their English language proficiency by taking an approved English language test, such as the International English Language Testing System (IELTS), Pearson Test of English (PTE) Academic, or Occupational English Test (OET).

The required minimum scores may vary depending on the visa subclass you are applying for and your occupation. It’s crucial to check the specific English language requirements for your chosen visa subclass on the Department of Home Affairs website. Visit this Link for more information.

Nomination by a State or Territory Government (Subclass 190 and 491)

For certain skilled migration visa subclasses, such as the Skilled Nominated visa (subclass 190) and the Skilled Work Regional (Provisional) visa (subclass 491), applicants must be nominated by a state or territory government in Australia.

State and territory governments nominate skilled migrants based on their occupation and the skills they can contribute to the local economy. Each state and territory has its list of eligible occupations and specific nomination criteria. You can find more information about state and territory nomination requirements on the Department of Home Affairs website. Visit this link for more information on 491 visa.


Points-Based System: Maximizing Your Score

The Australian skilled migration system operates on a points-based system, where applicants are awarded points based on various factors such as age, English language proficiency, qualifications, work experience, and other relevant criteria.

For the 189 visa stream, as an example, you must be able to obtain at least 65 points on our points test to be eligible.

To increase your chances of receiving an invitation to apply for a skilled migration visa, it’s essential to maximize your points score. This may involve obtaining a higher English language proficiency score, gaining additional qualifications, or accumulating more work experience in your nominated occupation.

The Department of Home Affairs provides a Points Calculator tool on its website, which allows you to assess your points score based on your circumstances.


Health and Character Requirements

In addition to meeting the eligibility criteria for skilled migration, applicants must also satisfy health and character requirements. This involves undergoing a medical examination to demonstrate that you are in good health and obtaining a police clearance certificate to prove that you have a clean criminal record. It’s important to complete these requirements promptly to avoid delays in the visa application process. The Department of Home Affairs website provides detailed information about the health and character requirements for skilled migration visa applicants.

Visa Application Process: From Lodgement to Decision

Once you have received an invitation to apply for a skilled migration visa and have met all the eligibility criteria, you can proceed to lodge your visa application online through the Department of Home Affairs website. The visa application process involves completing the relevant forms, providing supporting documentation, and paying the applicable visa application fee. You may also be required to undergo a health examination and provide biometric data, such as fingerprints and photographs.

After you have submitted your visa application, it will be processed by the Department of Home Affairs. The processing time for skilled migration visas may vary depending on factors such as the visa subclass, the volume of applications, and the complexity of individual cases. During the processing period, the Department of Home Affairs may request additional information or documentation to support your application. It’s essential to respond to these requests promptly to avoid delays in the processing of your visa application. Once a decision has been made on your visa application, you will be notified of the outcome by the Department of Home Affairs. If your application is successful, you will be granted a skilled migration visa, allowing you to live and work in Australia as a permanent resident.


Navigating the Australian skilled migration process can be a complex and challenging endeavour, but with meticulous research and preparation, you can maximise your chances of becoming a permanent resident in the Land Down Under. By understanding the key requirements, maximizing your points score, and completing the visa application process diligently, you can embark on a new chapter of your life in Australia with confidence and excitement.

Remember, thorough research and careful planning are essential for a successful migration journey. Utilize the resources provided by the Australian government, seek advice from migration experts if needed, and stay informed about any changes to immigration policies and procedures.

Best of luck on your journey to Australia!


Good To Know

On 9 May 2023, the Australian Government announced that the planning level for the 2023–24 permanent Migration Program will be set at 190,000 places. For more information visit – Link

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