The purpose of migration is to build the economy, shape society, support the labour market and reunite family.
The migration programme size and composition is flexible and changes over time, from a smaller programme with mostly family migrants in 1993-94 to a larger programme with more skilled migrants in 2013-14. Planning levels are set by the government each year and the size and composition changes to meet the social and economic needs of Australia.
Below are some statistics from the 2014-15-Migration-Programme-Report by Department of Immigration and Border Patrol (DIBP)
• India with an outcome of 34,874 places (18.4 per cent of outcome), down from 39,026 places (20.5 per cent of outcome) for 2013-14;
•China with 27,872 places (14.7 per cent), up from 26,776 places (14.1 per cent); and
• United Kingdom with 21,078 places (11.1 per cent), down from 23,220 places (12.2 per cent).
• Southern Asia (including India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan and Maldives) now provides 28.9 per cent of the migration programme (a decrease from 29.7 per cent in 2013–14), largely due to a decrease of migrants from India;
• Chinese Asia (including China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Macau and Mongolia) had an increase in its share of the programme from 15.4 per cent in 2013–14 to 16.1 per cent in 2014–15; and
• United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man has declined since 2005–06. Specifically, its share of the programme has declined from 12.2 per cent in 2013–14 to 11.1 per cent in 2014–15.
This is further broken down to:
38 per cent employer sponsored,
34 per cent skilled independent,
2 per cent state, territory and regional nominated and
6 per cent business
79 per cent partner, 14 per cent parent, 6 per cent child and 1 per cent other.
• 127,774 places delivered in the Skill stream;
• 61,085 places delivered in the Family stream; and
• 238 places delivered in the Special Eligibility stream.
The Skill stream accounted for 67.6 per cent of the total 2014–15 migration programme outcomes.
Within the Skill stream:
The State-Specific and Regional Migration (SSRM) had an outcome of 42,183 places
(33.0 per cent of the total Skill stream outcomes). These visas are included in the various Skill stream categories discussed above.
Within the Family stream: • 78.3 per cent (or 47,825 places) of the outcome comprised partners (including spouses, fiancés or partners of Australian citizens, permanent residents and eligible New Zealand citizens); • the outcome for the Child category was 4135 places; • the outcome for the Other Family category was 450 places; and • the outcomes for Non-Contributory Parent and Contributory Parent categories were 1500 places and 7175 places, respectively.
States and territories
• New South Wales with an outcome of 56,709 places (30.0 per cent);
• Victoria with 45,307 places (24.0 per cent); and •
Western Australia with 26,233 places (13.9 per cent).